Visione Artistica: the week of MODERN ART in Brazil, 1922


With the recent exhibition of Tarsila do Amaral in the Bank of Brazil Cultural Center in Rio de Janeiro, I found interesting to talk about the artists of this event that concretized the changes in the way of producing art in Brazil. But this post first was Mari’s idea!
The Week of Modern Art in 1922, held in Sao Paulo, at the Municipal Theatre, 11-18 February, had as main purpose to renew, to transform the artistic and cultural context of the moment in the form of literature, the visual arts, architecture and music.
 
the place

the organizers

That was the year when Barzil commemorated the first centenary of Independence and the young modernists wished to rediscover Brazil, freeing them from the shackles that bound art to foreign standards. They deny, first of all, the academicism in the arts. At this point, were already esthetically influenced by trends and movements such as Cubism, Expressionism and various ramifications post-impressionists.  

 “Abaporu”, painting by Tarsila do Amaral

“Antropofagia”, also painted by Tarsila do Amaral


“Serenata”, a Di Cavalcante painting

The catalog of the Week features names such as Anita Malfatti, Di Cavalcanti, Yan de Almeida Prado, John Graz, Oswaldo Goeldi and others, in painting and drawing; Victor Brecheret, Hildegardo Leao Velloso and Wilhelm Haarberg in Sculpture ; Antonio Garcia Moya and Georg Przyrembel in architecture. Among the writers were Mário and Oswald de Andrade, Menotti Del Picchia, Plinio Salgado, and more. The music was represented by renowned authors such asVilla-Lobos, Guiomar Novais, Ernani Braga and Viana Fruitful.   Tarsila of Amaral, Anita Malfatti, Oswald de Andrade, Mário de Andrade and Menotti del Picchia, formed the “Group of Five. 
“A boba”, canvas of Anita Malfatti

“Monumento as Bandeiras”,sculpture by  Victor Brecheret 

Although the modernist movement did not summarize the Week of Modern Art or Sao Paulo, was this event that spread the ideas expressed modern times – the boldness, dynamism and simplicity in communication. Also  it denounced the alienation of the people about the reality of the country and criticized the social problems, issues that even a century later, still very present in Brazil. 
“A chinesa”, painted by Anita Malfatti


 “Amazonas” by John Graz
”  Previsões sobre o novo filme de Chaplin”, xilogravura de Oswaldo Goeldi
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